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Muhammad Saley

Muhammad specialises in public law, public finance and subsidy control. His practice covers the full range of contentious and non-contentious public law work, and he is able to act for or against local authorities, central government departments, regulators, private companies, and individuals. He also has specific expertise in subsidy control and public finance matters.

Muhammad prides himself on his ability to give risk-based and solutions-oriented advice, and he has built up a reputation for being able to effectively provide sound legal direction and support to ensure his clients’ interests are best met.


Muhammad Saley

Muhammad has extensive government and public sector experience, having previously held senior roles in the Government Legal Department, the Competition and Markets Authority, and the Attorney General’s Office in Seychelles.


Immediately prior to joining The Barrister Group, Muhammad worked as a Legal Director at TLT LLP, where he advised central government departments, local authorities and private sector clients on subsidy control matters.

Muhammad's Experience

Called in 2008

Public Access Accredited

Barristers in England and Wales are regulated by the Bar Standards Board

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Public & Administrative Law

Muhammad accepts instructions in all areas of public law and has substantial judicial review experience. He also accepts instructions in regulatory and disciplinary matters.

Muhammad’s experience includes:

  • Acting in judicial review claims in the High Court of England and Wales, the Competition Appeal Tribunal and the Supreme Court of Seychelles.
  • Acting in statutory appeals before various courts and tribunals, including matters brought against the Disclosure and Barring Service, the Information Commissioner, the Ministry of Education, and the Ministry of Defence.
  • Advising government departments and other public authorities on public law issues.
  • Advising on regulatory matters, including competition and financial services.
  • Assisting with requests for information made under the Freedom of Information Act 2000.

Recent work includes:

  • Acting for the Home Secretary in SM v Secretary of State for the Home Department (see the unofficial transcript of the initial case management hearing at which the Claimant's interim relief application was considered).
  • Advising a central government department in relation to a claim for judicial review brought on equalities grounds in which the department had been named as an interested party.
  • Advising the Metropolitan Police Service in relation to misconduct proceedings.
Subsidy Control

Muhammad has considerable expertise in matters of subsidy control. Some highlights include:

  • Assisting with the drafting of the Subsidy Control Act 2022.
  • Advising Ministers and senior officials in HM Treasury on EU State aid/subsidy control matters relating to the financial support measures in response to COVID-19.
  • Advising on EU State aid issues arising out of the government’s divestiture strategy in respect of Bradford & Bingley, Northern Rock and NatWest (formerly RBS).
  • Advising HM Treasury on the establishment of the UK Infrastructure Bank and, in particular, the initial capitalisation of the bank.

Muhammad accepts instructions on a wide range of subsidy control matters and is able to:

  • Provide subsidy control advice to public authorities, including how public authorities can ensure compliance with the Subsidy Control Act 2022 and other relevant law.
  • Assist public authorities with referrals to the Competition and Market Authority's Subsidy Advice Unit, or act for interested third parties who may wish to make representations in respect of such referrals.
  • Act for clients in subsidy control challenges brought under the Subsidy Control Act 2022.
  • Assist private enterprises with applications for grant funding.
  • Provide training to public authorities on subsidy control.
Civil Liberties & Human Rights

Muhammad accepts instructions in all areas of civil liberties and human rights, having gained considerable experience in this area of law throughout his career. Most notably, during his time at the Attorney General’s Office in Seychelles, he regularly represented the Government of Seychelles in constitutional petitions brought in the Constitutional Court.


Muhammad accepts instructions in relation to planning matters.

  • Administrative Law Bar Association
  • BA (Hons) History, King’s College London
  • GDL, City University
  • LLM, King’s College London
  • BVC, BPP Law School
Privacy Policy

1. This is a privacy notice that describes how, why and for how long I will process or keep your personal data in accordance with the General Data Protection Regulation (‘GDPR’).
2. The GDPR governs how an individual’s personal data is used, and your rights in relation to that data.
3.  I, Muhammad Saley, have been instructed by you or your litigation friend (usually a parent), through your solicitor or agent, or via the Bar Pro Bono Unit.
4.  It is necessary for me to process your personal data in order for me to provide you with legal services, for example:

  • Advise on the prospects of litigation;
  • Advise on the value of your claim;
  • Representation at a court hearing;
  • Representation at trial;
  • Advise, review or comment on legal issues or evidence.

5. Processing means anything done to data such as: recording, organising, adapting, altering, copying, consulting, transmitting, combining, erasing or storing it.

6.The processing for the purposes listed above will take place in accordance with either Article 6(1)(a) GDPR or Article 6(1)(b) GDPR, depending on how you instructed me.

7. If you have instructed me on a direct access basis, or engaged a solicitor (or legal agent), to assist you in bringing or defending a claim then the processing is necessary to perform a contract to which you are a party (Article 6(1)(b) GDPR). To give effect to that contract (i.e. to bring a claim) it is necessary for me to process your personal data for litigation purposes.

8. If I am assisting you on a pro bono basis, it will be necessary for me to seek your consent to be able to represent you (Article 6(1)(a) GDPR). In this scenario, you will be sent a consent form.

Recipients of your data

9.  I may also be required to share your data with others, depending on the nature of your case. This may include:

(i)  Courts and other tribunals to whom documents are presented;

(ii) Your solicitors, or agent representing you, through whom I have been instructed;

(iii) Potential witnesses, experts and other persons involved in the case;

(iv) Solicitors, barristers, or other legal representatives;

(v) Ombudsman and regulatory authorities;

(vi) Education and examining bodies; and

(vii) Current, past or prospective employers.

Special Categories of Data

10.  In some cases I will have been given your personal data that is within the ‘special categories’ of data described in GDPR Article 9(1). For example, personal data that reveals your race, ethnicity, sexual preferences, political or religious beliefs, trade union membership or health. There are also restrictions for processing information regarding criminal convictions.

11. This type of personal data will only be processed where it is necessary in order to represent you in your legal claim, or advise on the prospects of a legal claim.


12. I will retain your personal data for no longer than is necessary, and where it is possible, I will anonymise your data.

13. How long your personal data is kept will depend on a number of factors. The retention period will be reviewed when the service I am providing you with is complete. However in general, I am obliged by the Bar Code of Conduct to retain records of my cases, and by HM Revenue and Customs to retain records for 6 years.

14. Once your case has concluded and fees have been paid, I shall retain only the personal data necessary for the following purposes:

(i) The legal and professional obligation to retain information relating to my cases;

(ii) To check for any potential conflict of interests that may arise in the future when I am instructed on other cases;

(iii) For use in the defence of potential complaints, legal proceedings or fee disputes;

(iv) To refer back to in future cases which raise similar legal, factual, or procedural issues.

15. The processing for the purposes listed in paragraph 14 (ii), (iii), and (iv) above, will take place in accordance with Article 6(1)(f) GDPR. That is, for the purposes of legitimate interests that are not outweighed by your interests or fundamental rights and freedoms.

16. The processing for the purposes listed in paragraph 14(i) above, will take place in accordance with Article 6(1)(c) GDPR. That is, the processing is necessary for me to comply with a legal obligation. 

Your Rights

17. Where processing of your personal data was based on your consent (see paragraphs 6 and 8) you have the right to withdraw that consent at any time. This does not affect the lawfulness of the processing based on consent before its withdrawal.

18. Withdrawal of your consent to process such data will most likely mean that I am no longer able to provide you with the legal services you seek.

19. You may request confirmation that your personal data is being processed by me and details about the personal data, the source, the processing, the purposes of the processing, the recipients and the retention period.

20. You may request a copy of your personal data that is being processed by me. You may also request rectification (i.e. correction) where there are inaccuracies in the personal data.

21. You have the right to object, on grounds relating to your particular situation, at any time, to processing of your personal data in paragraph 14 of this privacy notice. Should you object, the processing will only continue where there are compelling legitimate grounds for the processing which override your fundamental rights, freedoms and interests. 

22. Where the processing or retention of your data is necessary for the establishment, exercise or defence of legal claims, it will not be possible to object. 

23. You have the right to request that your personal data is erased where any of the following apply:

(i) The personal data are no longer necessary in relation to the purposes for which they were collected or otherwise processed;

(ii) You withdraw your consent where the basis of processing was based on consent and where there is no other ground for the processing;

(iii) Where your fundamental rights, freedoms and interests override the legitimate interests of processing in paragraph 14;

(iv) The personal data has been unlawfully processed; or

(v) The personal data have to be erased to comply with a legal obligation.

24. You have the right to request that your personal data is restricted from processing, so that it is simply stored, for the following reasons: as an alternative to deletion; so that it can be corrected; for the establishment, exercise or defence of legal claims; to verify if a legitimate ground exists (paragraph 14).

25. Where it is necessary to correct your personal data, or you have requested the restriction or erasure of your personal data, I shall endeavour to contact the recipients of the personal data, unless this involves disproportionate effort. 


26. I take appropriate physical and technical procedures to safeguard your personal data to prevent it from being accidentally lost, used or accessed in an unauthorised way. 

Complaints or Queries

27. If you have any questions regarding this privacy notice, or how I use your personal data please email me: mailto:, or my clerks: telephone 01823 247 247.

28. I shall aim to respond as soon as possible, and within 30 days.

29. You have the right to complain to the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) if you believe I have not handled your request in an appropriate manner. For information on contacting the ICO please go to:



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